Dangers of smoking cigarettes essay

On average, each participant used bowls of water pipe tobacco and spent 74 minutes smoking the water pipes. Upon analysis of the participants’ urine after smoking the hookah, compared with before smoking the hookah, urine levels of nicotine were increased 73-fold and levels of cotinine (which is a metabolite of nicotine) were increased four-fold. In addition, levels of the breakdown products of chemicals known to increase cancer were increased in the urine, including NNAL -- which was increased two-fold -- and the breakdown products of volatile organic compounds -- which was increased 14 to 91 percent.

Dangers of smoking cigarettes essay

dangers of smoking cigarettes essay

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