This overview assembles existing evidence on the ways in which tobacco affects human well-being from an environmental perspective – . the indirect social and economic damage caused by the cultivation, production, distribution, consumption, and waste generated by tobacco products. It uses a life cycle analysis to track tobacco use across the full process of cultivation, production and consumption. In doing so it draws attention to gaps in the scientific evidence – particularly where the only data available are those currently self-reported by the tobacco companies themselves – and indicates where objective research could hold the greatest benefits to improving understanding of the relationship between tobacco and the environment.
Different marine regions are subjected to various and specific impact factors. The combination of these factors under specific conditions ultimately defines the ecological situation in a given area. In particular, we want to stress the alarming features of the ecological situation in many Russian marine areas. The pollution levels here very often exceed the maximum permissible limits. This fact was one of the reasons why during the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992, Russia was rated as one of the most polluted countries of the world [Rybalski, Zaslavski, 1993].
When screening Schedule 2 projects, the local planning authority must take account of the selection criteria in Schedule 3 of the 2017 Regulations. Not all of the criteria will be relevant in every case. Each case should be considered on its own merits in a balanced way. When the local planning authority or Secretary of State issues its opinion they must state the main reasons for their conclusion with reference to the relevant criteria listed in Schedule 3. Where it is determined that the proposed development is not Environmental Impact Assessment development, the authority must state any features of the proposed development and measures envisaged to avoid, or prevent what might otherwise have been, significant adverse effects on the environment (see regulation 5 ).