Burkett, Andrew. "Wordsworthian Chance." Writes Burkett, "First-generation Romantic poets generally hold a deeply rooted faith in the notion of the limitless nature of possibility, and in reaction to Enlightenment determinism, several of these poets strive for an understanding and representation of nature that is divorced from Enlightenment notions of causality. This essay specifically explores William Wordsworth's poetic denunciation of such deterministic accounts of causality through an investigation of [ The Prelude ]." Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net 54 (2009).
In 1841 the Republic of Ireland had a recorded population of 6,528,770, the great majority of whom worked in agriculture and lived in the open countryside. Famine and emigration had reduced this figure to 2,971,677 by the time the first census in the newly independent Free State was taken in 1926. By 1966 in excess of 50 per cent of the recorded population was resident in aggregate urban areas. Since then the people of the fields have become the people of the streets as the census of 2002 placed over 65 per cent of the population in urban areas. Such urbanisation has resulted from major structural changes in employment, In 1950, for example, agriculture sustained 43 per cent of people in employment; 21 per cent and 36 per cent, respectively, were employed in industry and services. In 2004 the comparative proportions of the million people at work were per cent (agriculture), per cent industry and 66 per cent (services). Not surprisingly some two-thirds of the country’s four million population now live in gateway cities. Despite many attempts to equalise spatial disparities in population distribution, Dublin’s primacy remains unassailable. In 2002 the greater Dublin area had a population of over one million as compared to 186,239 for Cork the next largest urban concentration; 86,998 for Limerick city; 66,163 for Galway and 46,736 for Waterford.