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The numbers of radio users exploded, by 1935 about 2 in 3 American homes owned a radio.  Politicians quickly learned to reach these huge audiences. [ citation needed ] Franklin Delano Roosevelt's Fireside Chats are an example of the politico-media complex. [ improper synthesis? ] In his series of informal broadcasts from 1933 to 1944, Roosevelt developed a comforting rapport with the American public.  The Fireside Chats enabled the President to communicate directly to the public through one of the most popular media outlets of the time. Politicians would continue to use the radio in World War II, in which the radio was used primarily for news transmissions and the spread of propaganda . One example of radio propaganda came from Iva Toguri D'Aquino, Ruth Hayakawa, June Suyamawho, and Myrtle Lipton collectively known as Tokyo Rose . These women hosted anti-American programming intended to lower American soldiers' morale and illustrate the use of governments' use of the media to influence the public, or their enemies.  However, many people, such as Iva Toguri D'Aquino and Allied prisoners of war, were forced against their will to participate in these programs and worked hard to help Allied forces.