Poverty in pakistan research paper

Sub standard lives are also a greatest problem in Pakistan and this is the major reason of poverty in Pakistan. If we read the above reasons then we can understand that in Pakistan everyone is living sub standard lives and all of you should try to remove this factor. We all have to work hard for making these problems lesser and you should try to make these factors lesser. All of you should choose reasonable way for earning money. These all was the reasons that are the major reasons of poverty in Pakistan. All of you should try to resolve these problems and make your country the best country in the world.

Throughout its history, Pakistan has experienced cycles of high growth interrupted by shocks and crises. Following steady economic growth in the early 2000s, the country has faced significant challenges in recent years.

The sharp rise in international oil and food prices in 2008 had a devastating impact on the economy, slowing growth as inflation soared. Widespread floods in 2010 added to Pakistan's economic woes and threatened to reverse earlier gains in poverty reduction. Rising levels of ethnic and religious strife, conflict and insecurity have further limited the country's capacity to deal effectively with persistent poverty.

Although Pakistan's poverty rate declined by about 10 per cent from 2001 to 2005, almost a quarter of the population still live below the national poverty line, and some 60 per cent are just above that level. Meanwhile, health and education indicators remain low in comparison with other countries in South Asia, and socio-economic indicators for women are the lowest in the sub-region.

Pakistan ranks 146th out of 187 countries on the United Nations Development Programme's 2013 Human Development Index – a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. And poverty in Pakistan is predominantly a rural problem. While rural people make up two thirds of the population, they account for 80 per cent of the country's poor people. Agriculture is at the heart of the rural economy and accounts for roughly one fifth of the economy. Most of the land is arid, semi-arid or rugged, and not easily cultivated. Water resources are scarce in most of the country, and finding water for irrigation is a critical challenge for the agriculture sector – particularly in remote areas.

Approximately half of farmers are owner-operators and about one quarter are tenants. It is common for tenant farmers to be in debt to landowners. In total there are over 4 million family farms, with an average farm size of hectares. Although most rural people rely on agriculture for their livelihoods, many of the poorest also depend on non-farm activities for income. The exact number of landless wage-labourers, the most vulnerable segment of the population, is not known.

The incidence of poverty in Pakistan varies from one province to the next. Poverty is widely and evenly distributed in mountainous regions, where communities are small, scattered and isolated. The coastal belt and low rainfall areas also tend to have a high incidence of poverty. The rugged terrain and fragile ecosystems in these areas make farming difficult, while lack of access to markets and services contributes further to chronic poverty among local populations.

Those who suffer most acutely from rural poverty are small farmers with limited land and livestock, landless farmers and especially women, who – as a result of systemic gender discrimination – have little access to resources, services or assets of their own. A major cause of rural poverty in Pakistan is the highly unequal distribution of assets, particularly land and access to water. As a result, the direct gains in income from crop production tend to accrue to a small fraction of the population.

Other causes of rural poverty include the price of food, lack of education, limited access to health services, large family size, gender discrimination, environmental degradation and deterioration of the natural resource base.

Poverty in pakistan research paper

poverty in pakistan research paper

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