The Cyrenaics , founded by Aristippus (c. 435-356 .), were also sceptics and Hedonistic Egoists. Although the paucity of original texts makes it difficult to confidently state all of the justifications for the Cyrenaics’ positions, their overall stance is clear enough. The Cyrenaics believed pleasure was the ultimate good and everyone should pursue all immediate pleasures for themselves. They considered bodily pleasures better than mental pleasures, presumably because they were more vivid or trustworthy. The Cyrenaics also recommended pursuing immediate pleasures and avoiding immediate pains with scant or no regard for future consequences. Their reasoning for this is even less clear, but is most plausibly linked to their sceptical views – perhaps that what we can be most sure of in this uncertain existence is our current bodily pleasures.
Colour code: Blue – Your argument Red – Argument against Orange – Critical analysis Purple – Scholars Immanuel Kant, in his work "The groundwork of the metaphysics of morals", set out what he believed to be the correct approach to ethics. Kant's understanding was morality is discovered "a priori". His reasoning for this stems from what … Continue reading Kantian ethics – “Ethical judgements about something being good, bad, right and wrong should be based on the extent to which duty is served.” Assess this view (40 marks)
Prajnanam iti Brahman - wisdom is the soul/spirit. Prajnanam refers to the intuitive truth which can be verified/tested by reason. It is a higher function of the intellect that ascertains the Sat or Truth in the Sat-Chit-Ananda or truth-consciousness-bliss, . the Brahman/Atman/Self /person [...] A truly wise person [...] is known as Prajna - who has attained Brahman hood itself; thus, testifying to the Vedic Maha Vakya (great saying or words of wisdom): Prajnanam iti Brahman .